#BlackCatholics Syllabus

Dr. Tia Noelle Pratt, Curator

This syllabus is a collection of resources related to Black Catholics in the United States.  It is intended for academics, journalists, educators, diocesan institutions, parishes, congregations of women and men religious, and the general public.  This syllabus prioritizes the work of Blacks in order to center the voice of Black Catholics in the creation of their own narrative. 

This document is for those who want to learn and think critically about issues such as:

  • anti-Black systemic racism
  • white supremacy
  • racial justice
  • anti-racism
  • #BlackLivesMatter
  • The impact these issues have on the Church
  • Moving from individual level to organizational/institutional level thinking about these issues

The citations provided here are organized by TYPE OF MEDIA and by TOPIC. This resource is not a substitute for doing The Work of anti-racism and racial justice.  This syllabus is not a step-by-step manual.  Rather, it is an invitation to learn, do, and be.

It is a living document and therefore, is subject to addition and revision.  To offer suggestions, please email Dr. Pratt at tia@tiapratt.com.

Your donation shows your appreciation for the labor involved, supports the maintenance of the site, and the #BlackCatholicSyllabus’ future growth.

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TYPE OF MEDIA

Books and Book Chapters

Anderson, Elijah. 2011. The Cosmopolitan Canopy: Race and Civility in Everyday Life. New York: WW Norton and Company.

Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. 2018. Racism without Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America, 5th ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.

Collins, Patricia Hill. 2000. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Power, Consciousness. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.

Copeland, M. Shawn, ed. With LaReine-Marie Mosely and Albert Raboteau. 2009. Uncommon Faithfulness: The Black Catholic Experience. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

  • Contributors: M. Shawn Copeland, Albert J. Raboteau, Diane Batts Morrow, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Cecilia A. Moore, Katrina M. Sanders, La-Reine Marie Mosely, S.N.D., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., Diana L. Hayes, Bryan N. Massingale, Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory, Kevin P. Johnson, Paulinus I. Odozor, C.S.Sp., Clarence Williams, C.P.P.S.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2017.  “White Supremacy and Anti-Black Logics in the Making of U. S. Catholicism,” 61-74, in Anti-Blackness and Christian Ethics. Eds. Vincent W. Lloyd and Andrew Prevot. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2018.  Knowing Christ Crucified: The Witness of African American Religious Experience.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2020 (Forthcoming).  Enfleshing Freedom:  Body, Race, and Being, 2nd ed.  Minneapolis, MN:  Fortress Press.

Davis, Cyprian.  1990.  The History of Black Catholics in the United States.  New York:  Crossroad Publishers.

Davis, OSB, Cyprian and Jamie Phelps, OP, editors.  2003.  “Stamped with the Image of God”:  African Americans as God’s Image in Black.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Davis, Darren W. and Donald B. Pope-Davis.  2017.  Perseverance in the Parish?: Religious Attitudes from a Black Catholic Perspective.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.

DiAngelo, Robin.  2018.  White Fragility:  Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism.  Boston:  Beacon Press.

DuBois, W.E.B.  [1903] 1994.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York:  Dover Publications, Inc.

Feagin, Joe R.  2004.  “Toward an Integrated Theory of Systemic Racism”.  Pp. 203-223 in The Changing Terrain of Race and Ethnicity edited by Maria Krysan and Amanda E. Lewis.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation.

Feagin, Joe R.  2006.  Systemic Racism:  A Theory of Oppression.  New York:  Routledge.

Galawdewos.  2019.  The Life of Walatta-Petros: A Seventeenth-Century Biography of an African Woman, Concise Edition.  Edited and Translated by Wendy Laura Belcher and Michael Kleiner.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Hayes, Diana L. and Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., eds.  1998.  Taking Down Our Harps:  Black Catholics in the United States.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  Diana L. Hayes, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., M. Shawn Copeland, Bryan N. Massingale, Toinette M. Eugene, Giles Conwill, Clarence Rufus J. Rivers, D. Reginald Whitt, O.P.

Hayes, Diana L.  2016.  No Crystal Stair:  Womanist Spirituality.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Heisser, David C.R. and Stephen J. White, Sr.  2015.  Patrick N. Lynch, 1817-1882:  Third Catholic Bishop of Charleston.  Columbia, SC:  University of South Carolina Press.

Hemesath, O.S.F., Caroline.  1973.  From Slave to Priest:  The Inspirational Story of Father Augustine Tolton (1854-1897).  San Francisco:  Ignatius Press.

Johnson, Karen J.  2018.  One in Christ:  Chicago Catholics and the Quest for Interracial Justice.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Kendi, Ibram X.  2019.  How to be An Anti-Racist.  New York:  Random House.

Massingale, Bryan N.  2010.  Racial Justice in the Catholic Church.  New York:  Orbis Books.

Mich, Marvin L. Krier.  1998.  Catholic Social Teaching and Movements.  Mystic, CT:  Twenty-Third Publications.

  • Chapter 5 –  “Ecclesial and Racial Revolutions:  Gaudium et Spes and Racism”

Moore, Cecilia A., C. Vanessa White, and Paul M. Marshall, S.M., eds.  2007.  Songs of Our Hearts, Meditations of Our Souls: Prayers for Black Catholics.  Cincinnati, OH:  Franciscan Media.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2002.  Persons of Color and Religious at the Same Time:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence, 1828-1860.  Chapel Hill, NC:  University of North Carolina Press.

Murphy, SJ., Thomas J.  2001.  Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland, 1717-1838.  New York:  Routledge.

Nickels, Marilyn Wenzke.  1988.   Black Catholic Protest and the Federated Colored Catholics, 1917 – 1933:  Three Perspectives on Racial Justice.  New York:  Garland. 

Nutt, Maurice J.  2019.  Thea Bowman:  Faithful and Free.  Collegeville, MN:  Liturgical Press.

Ochs, Stephen J.  1990.  Desegregating the Altar:  The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests 1871–1960.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana University Press.

Oluo, Ijeoma.  2019.  So You Want To Talk About Race.  New York: Seal Press.

Poole, CM, Stafford and Douglas J. Slawson, CM.  1986.  Church and Slave in Perry County Missouri, 1818-1865.  Lewiston, NY:  The Edwin Mellen Press. 

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2018.  “Black Catholic Young Adults:  A Broader Context”.  PP. 230-236 in Young Adult American Catholics:  Explaining Vocation in Their Own Words, Maureen K. Day, ed.  Mahwah, NY:  Paulist Press.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2019.  “Black Catholics’ Identity Work”, in PP 132-152 in American Parishes:  Remaking Local Catholicism, eds. Gary Adler, Tricia C. Bruce, and Brian Starks.  New York, NY:  Fordham University Press.

Southern, David W.  1996.  John LaFarge and The Limits of Catholic Interracialism, 1911 – 1963.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana State University Press.

Articles from Academic Journals

Anderson, Elijah.  2015.   “The White Space”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(1), 10-21

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2016.  “Anti-Blackness and White Supremacy in the Making of American Catholicism,” American Catholic Studies 127, 3 (Fall 2016): 6-8.

Crenshaw, Kimberlé.  1991.  “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”.  Stanford Law Review 43 (6):  1241-1299.

Curran, Robert Emmett.  2019.  “‘To tear down…the Corinthian pillars of Constitutional liberty’:  Catholics and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  109-136.

Emerson, Michael O., Elizabeth Korver-Glenn, and Kiara W. Douds.  2015.  “Studying Race and Religion:  A Critical Assessment”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(3), 349-359.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2016.  “‘Undoubtedly A Bad State of Affairs’:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence and the Josephite Fathers”, 1877–1903.  The Journal of African American History.  101 (3):  261-287.

Nalezyty, Susan. 2019.  “The History of Enslaved People at Georgetown Visitation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  23-48. 

Poché, Justin.  “The Catholic Citizens’ Council: Religion & White Resistance in Post-War Louisiana.” US Catholic Historian 24 (2006): 47-68.

Schmidt, Kelly.  2019.  “Enslaved Faith Communities in the Jesuits’ Missouri Mission,” U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  49-81.

Ulshafer, P.S.S., Thomas.  “Slavery and the Early Sulpician Community in Maryland”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  1–21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Subversive Images and Forgotten Truths: A Selected Visual History of Black Women Religious” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016):  14-21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The Color of Christ’s Brides” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016): 93-103.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “‘You Could Do the Irish Jig, But Anything African Was Taboo:’ Black Nuns, Contested Memories, and the 20th-Century Struggle to Desegregate U.S. Religious Life” in the Journal of African American History, 102, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 125-56.

Public Scholarship

Bellow, Kathleen Dorsey.  “Black Catholic Women: Voice Embodied”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 8, 2020.

Billings, Cora Marie.  “Saved by Grace: Striving for a more racially just and equal church”, America, June 24, 2014. 

Clarke, Kevin.  “After weeks of protest and calls to defund the police, where do we go from here?”, America, June 12, 2020. 

  • Dr. Tia Noelle Pratt and Dr. Shannen Dee Williams are quoted.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  “Black theology and a legacy of oppression”. America.  June 24, 2014.

Gehring, John.  “Necessary Bluntness:  Archbishop Gregory’s Stand for Integrity”, Commonweal Magazine, June 9, 2020. 

Harris, Kim R.  “Black lives matter in the worshipping church”, National Catholic Reporter, July 10, 2020.

Lewis-Mosley, Valerie D.  “My unbridled tongue challenges inequities that threaten Black women’s lives”, National Catholic Reporter, July 9, 2020.

Massingale, Bryan N.  “The assumptions of white privilege and what we can do about it”  National Catholic Reporter.  June 1, 2020.

Saint-Jean, S.J., Patrick, “How Catholics can work for racial justice”, U.S. Catholic, June 9, 2020.

Saint-Jean, Patrick.  “Black people are crying out for their breath.  When will they be heard?”.  America.  June 1, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “What Black Lives Matter can teach Catholics about racial justice” America.  February 1, 2019.

Segura, Olga.  “How can Catholics help lead the fight against racism?”  America.  May 29, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “Catholic discourse on Black Lives Matter must amplify women founders”, National Catholic Reporter, August 11, 2020.

Slattery, John P.  “The Church is Not Yet Dead:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.”, (DT) Daily Theology, May 5, 2015.

Swift, Jaimee A.  “Radicals Habits:  Unearthing the History of Black Catholic Nuns in the Black Freedom Struggle”, an interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.  Black Women Radicals, June 2020.

White, C. Vanessa.  “Augustus Tolton: Pioneer pastor”.  U.S. Catholic.  February 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Segregated Sisterhoods and the Mercurial Politics of Racial Truth-Telling”, The Feminist Wire, October 24, 2013. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Dear U.S. Catholic Theologians: Lives of Black Women & Girls Always Matter”.  The Font:  Where Many Catholics Dip, December 12, 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Sister Antona Ebo’s lifelong struggle against white supremacy, inside and outside the Catholic Church”  America.  November 22, 2017.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Does the Catholic Church have the strength?”.  Catholic News Service via Catholic Standard., January 2, 2020

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Black history is Catholic history”.  Catholic News Service via The Catholic Review, Archdiocese of Baltimore, February 6, 2020. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The black Catholic nun every American should know”.  America, March 3, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “What a forgotten black nun can teach us about racism and Covid-19”, America, April 23, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “If racial justice and peace will ever be attained, it must begin in the church”, Catholic News Service via The Dialog, June 10, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The church must make reparation for its role in slavery, segregation” , National Catholic Reporter, June 15, 2020.   

News Items

Buckley, Stephen.  “A Taste of Dixie in Brazil.”  The Washington Post, August 22, 1999.

Christian, Gina.  “Black Catholic spirituality a force in fight against racism, say pastors”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 21, 2020.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics: Words not enough as church decries racism.”  Associated Press, June 22, 2020. 

Dunklin, Reese and Michael Rezendes.  “AP: Catholic Church lobbied for taxpayer funds, got $1.4B.”  Associated Press, July 10, 2020.

Feuerherd, Peter.  “Oakland priest calls bishop a ‘liar’ and a ‘racist’”, National Catholic Reporter, June 19, 2020.

Fields, Gary, Juliet Linderman, and Wong Maye-E.  “Church Offers Little Outreach to Minority Victims of Priests”.  Associated Press, January 4, 2020.

Martin, Eric.  “The Catholic Church Has a Visible White-Power Faction”Sojourners, August 2020. 

McCoy, Terrence.  “They lost the Civil War and fled to Brazil. Their descendants refuse to take down the Confederate flag.”  The Washington Post, July 11, 2020.

Paul, Dwayne David. “U.S. Bishops Must Choose: Black People or the Police”The Bias Magazine:  The Voice of the Christian Left, July 24, 2020.

Roewe, Brian, “Catholic university leaders call for their institutions to address systemic racism”, National Catholic Reporter, June 25, 2020.

Russ, Valerie.  “Black members of St. Charles Borromeo Church in South Philly allege racism and will protest to declare their ‘parish lives matter’”The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 18, 2020.

Sadowski, Dennis.  “Hard work, prayer can lead church to overcome racism, Bishop Fabre says”, Catholic News Service via Crux:  Taking the Catholic Pulse, July 26, 2020.

Salvadore, Sarah.  “Indiana Catholic pastor suspended after calling Black Lives Matter protesters ‘maggots’”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 2, 2020.

Films, Videos, Podcasts

Sr. Patricia Chappell, SND – 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Rev. Bryan Massingale, S.T.D. – Keynote Address, 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Tia Noelle Pratt – Interview with Classical Ideas Podcast, May 15, 2020

St. Peter Claver, Mother Church of Black Catholics: Let Us PrAy! Let Us PrEy!

Trahan, FMI, Nicole.  “Being Black and Catholic:  A Reflection”. 

Racism in Our Streets and Structures: A Test of Faith, A Crisis for Our Nation – Georgetown University, Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life

  • Featuring: Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, DC, Dr. Marcia Chatelain of Georgetown University, Ralph McCloud of Catholic Campaign for Human Development, Gloria Purvis of EWTN

This Experience of Black Catholicism is a “Gift to the Church” – Documentary

Church Documents

Black Bishops of the United States.  1984.  ‘What We Have Seen and Heard’: A Pastoral Letter on Evangelization from the Black Bishops of the United States.  Cincinnati, OH: St.  Anthony Messenger Press.

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

United Conference of Catholic Bishops.  2018.  Open Wide Our Hearts:  The Enduring Call to Love, A Pastoral Letter Against Racism.  Washington, DC:  United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.  1979.  Brothers and Sisters to Us: U.S. Bishops’ Pastoral Letter on Racism in Our Day.  Washington, D.C.: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Organizations, Websites, and Social Media

National Black Catholic Congress

National Black Sisters Conference

National Black Catholic Clergy Conference

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

Georgetown University – Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation

Xavier University of Louisiana – Institute for Black Catholic Studies

TOPIC

Social Theory and Empirical Social Social Science Research

Anderson, Elijah.  2011.  The Cosmopolitan Canopy:  Race and Civility in Everyday Life.  New York:  WW Norton and Company.

Anderson, Elijah.  2015.   “The White Space”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(1), 10-21.

Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo.  2018.  Racism without Racists:  Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America, 5th ed.  New York:  Rowman & Littlefield.

Collins, Patricia Hill.  2000.  Black Feminist Thought:  Knowledge, Power, Consciousness.  2nd ed.  New York:  Routledge.

Crenshaw, Kimberlé.  1991.  “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”.  Stanford Law Review 43 (6):  1241-1299.

Davis, Darren W. and Donald B. Pope-Davis.  2017.  Perseverance in the Parish?: Religious Attitudes from a Black Catholic Perspective.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.

DuBois, W.E.B.  [1903] 1994.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York:  Dover Publications, Inc.

Emerson, Michael O., Elizabeth Korver-Glenn, and Kiara W. Douds.  2015.  “Studying Race and Religion:  A Critical Assessment”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(3), 349-359.

Feagin, Joe R.  2004.  “Toward an Integrated Theory of Systemic Racism”.  Pp. 203-223 in The Changing Terrain of Race and Ethnicity edited by Maria Krysan and Amanda E. Lewis.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation.

Feagin, Joe R.  2006.  Systemic Racism:  A Theory of Oppression.  New York:  Routledge.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2018.  “Black Catholic Young Adults:  A Broader Context”.  PP. 230-236 in Young Adult American Catholics:  Explaining Vocation in Their Own Words, Maureen K. Day, ed.  Mahwah, NY:  Paulist Press.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2019.  “Black Catholics’ Identity Work”, in PP 132-152 in American Parishes:  Remaking Local Catholicism, eds. Gary Adler, Tricia C. Bruce, and Brian Starks.  New York, NY:  Fordham University Press.

Tia Noelle Pratt – Interview with Classical Ideas Podcast, May 15, 2020

Theology and Black Catholic Spirituality

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

Black Bishops of the United States.  1984.  ‘What We Have Seen and Heard’: A Pastoral Letter on Evangelization from the Black Bishops of the United States.  Cincinnati, OH: St.  Anthony Messenger Press.

Christian, Gina.  “Black Catholic spirituality a force in fight against racism, say pastors”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 21, 2020.

Copeland, M. Shawn, ed.  With LaReine-Marie Mosely and Albert Raboteau.   2009.  Uncommon Faithfulness: The Black Catholic Experience.  Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  M. Shawn Copeland, Albert J. Raboteau, Diane Batts Morrow, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Cecilia A. Moore, Katrina M. Sanders, La-Reine Marie Mosely, S.N.D., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., Diana L. Hayes, Bryan N. Massingale, Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory, Kevin P. Johnson, Paulinus I. Odozor, C.S.Sp., Clarence Williams, C.P.P.S.

 

Copeland, M. Shawn.  “Black theology and a legacy of oppression”. America.  June 24, 2014.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2017.  “White Supremacy and Anti-Black Logics in the Making of U. S. Catholicism,” 61-74, in Anti-Blackness and Christian Ethics. Eds. Vincent W. Lloyd and Andrew Prevot. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2018.  Knowing Christ Crucified: The Witness of African American Religious Experience.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2020 (Forthcoming).  Enfleshing Freedom:  Body, Race, and Being, 2nd ed.  Minneapolis, MN:  Fortress Press.

Hayes, Diana L. and Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., eds.  1998.  Taking Down Our Harps:  Black Catholics in the United States.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  Diana L. Hayes, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., M. Shawn Copeland, Bryan N. Massingale, Toinette M. Eugene, Giles Conwill, Clarence Rufus J. Rivers, D. Reginald Whitt, O.P.

Hayes, Diana L.  2016.  No Crystal Stair:  Womanist Spirituality.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Moore, Cecilia A., C. Vanessa White, and Paul M. Marshall, S.M., eds.  2007.  Songs of Our Hearts, Meditations of Our Souls: Prayers for Black Catholics.  Cincinnati, OH:  Franciscan Media.

This Experience of Black Catholicism is a “Gift to the Church” – Documentary

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Dear U.S. Catholic Theologians: Lives of Black Women & Girls Always Matter”.  The Font:  Where Many Catholics Dip, December 12, 2014.

United Conference of Catholic Bishops.  2018.  Open Wide Our Hearts:  The Enduring Call to Love, A Pastoral Letter Against Racism.  Washington, DC:  United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.  1979.  Brothers and Sisters to Us: U.S. Bishops’ Pastoral Letter on Racism in Our Day.  Washington, D.C.: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

History

Buckley, Stephen.  “A Taste of Dixie in Brazil.”  The Washington Post, August 22, 1999.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Davis, Cyprian.  1990.  The History of Black Catholics in the United States.  New York:  Crossroad Publishers.

Davis, OSB, Cyprian and Jamie Phelps, OP, editors.  2003.  “Stamped with the Image of God”:  African Americans as God’s Image in Black.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Galawdewos.  2019.  The Life of Walatta-Petros: A Seventeenth-Century Biography of an African Woman, Concise Edition.  Edited and Translated by Wendy Laura Belcher and Michael Kleiner.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Hemesath, O.S.F., Caroline.  1973.  From Slave to Priest:  The Inspirational Story of Father Augustine Tolton (1854-1897).  San Francisco:  Ignatius Press.

Johnson, Karen J.  2018.  One in Christ:  Chicago Catholics and the Quest for Interracial Justice.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

McCoy, Terrence.  “They lost the Civil War and fled to Brazil. Their descendants refuse to take down the Confederate flag.”  The Washington Post, July 11, 2020.

McKinless, Ashley, “The untold history of black nuns in the United States:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams”, America, June 22, 2018. 

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2016.  “‘Undoubtedly A Bad State of Affairs’:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence and the Josephite Fathers”, 1877–1903.  The Journal of African American History.  101 (3):  261-287.

Nickels, Marilyn Wenzke.  1988.   Black Catholic Protest and the Federated Colored Catholics, 1917 – 1933:  Three Perspectives on Racial Justice.  New York:  Garland. 

Nutt, Maurice J.  2019.  Thea Bowman:  Faithful and Free.  Collegeville, MN:  Liturgical Press.

Ochs, Stephen J.  1990.  Desegregating the Altar:  The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests 1871–1960.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana University Press.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2002.  Persons of Color and Religious at the Same Time:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence, 1828-1860.  Chapel Hill, NC:  University of North Carolina Press.

Poché, Justin.  “The Catholic Citizens’ Council: Religion & White Resistance in Post-War Louisiana.” US Catholic Historian 24 (2006): 47-68.

Southern, David W.  1996.  John LaFarge and The Limits of Catholic Interracialism, 1911 – 1963.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana State University Press.

Swift, Jaimee A.  “Radicals Habits:  Unearthing the History of Black Catholic Nuns in the Black Freedom Struggle”, an interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.  Black Women Radicals, June 2020.

White, C. Vanessa.  “Augustus Tolton: Pioneer pastor”.  U.S. Catholic.  February 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Subversive Images and Forgotten Truths: A Selected Visual History of Black Women Religious” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016):  14-21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The Color of Christ’s Brides” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016): 93-103.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “‘You Could Do the Irish Jig, But Anything African Was Taboo:’ Black Nuns, Contested Memories, and the 20th-Century Struggle to Desegregate U.S. Religious Life” in the Journal of African American History, 102, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 125-56.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Black history is Catholic history”.  Catholic News Service, via The Catholic Review, Archdiocese of Baltimore, February 6, 2020. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The black Catholic nun every American should know”.  America, March 3, 2020.

St. Peter Claver, Mother Church of Black Catholics: Let Us PrAy! Let Us PrEy!

Anti-Racism, White Supremacy, and Racial Justice

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2016.  “Anti-Blackness and White Supremacy in the Making of American Catholicism,” American Catholic Studies 127, 3 (Fall 2016): 6-8.

DiAngelo, Robin.  2018.  White Fragility:  Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism.  Boston:  Beacon Press.

Johnson, Karen J.  2018.  One in Christ:  Chicago Catholics and the Quest for Interracial Justice.  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Kendi, Ibram X.  2019.  How to be An Anti-Racist.  New York:  Random House.

Martin, Eric.  “The Catholic Church Has a Visible White-Power Faction”Sojourners, August 2020. 

Massingale, Bryan N.  2010.  Racial Justice in the Catholic Church.  New York:  Orbis Books.

Massingale, Bryan N.  “The assumptions of white privilege and what we can do about it”. National Catholic Reporter.  June 1, 2020.

Nickels, Marilyn Wenzke.  1988.   Black Catholic Protest and the Federated Colored Catholics, 1917 – 1933:  Three Perspectives on Racial Justice.  New York:  Garland. 

Oluo, Ijeoma.  2019.  So You Want To Talk About Race.  New York: Seal Press.

Poché, Justin.  “The Catholic Citizens’ Council: Religion & White Resistance in Post-War Louisiana.” US Catholic Historian 24 (2006): 47-68.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  “Confronting Truths About White Supremacy: Why I’m Writing a Book About Black Catholics and Systemic Racism”  Faithfully, July 2019.

Saint-Jean, S.J., Patrick, “How Catholics can work for racial justice”, U.S. Catholic, June 9, 2020.

Southern, David W.  1996.  John LaFarge and The Limits of Catholic Interracialism, 1911 – 1963.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana State University Press.

Trahan, FMI, Nicole.  “Being Black and Catholic:  A Reflection”. 

Sr. Patty Chappell, SND – 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Rev. Bryan Massingale, S.T.D. – Keynote Address, 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

#BlackLivesMatter

Dunklin, Reese and Michael Rezendes.  “AP: Catholic Church lobbied for taxpayer funds, got $1.4B.”  Associated Press, July 10, 2020.

Paul, Dwayne David. “U.S. Bishops Must Choose: Black People or the Police”The Bias Magazine:  The Voice of the Christian Left, July 24, 2020.

Russ, Valerie.  “Black members of St. Charles Borromeo Church in South Philly allege racism and will protest to declare their ‘parish lives matter’”The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 18, 2020.

Saint-Jean, Patrick.  “Black people are crying out for their breath.  When will they be heard?”.  America.  June 1, 2020.

Salvadore, Sarah.  “Indiana Catholic pastor suspended after calling Black Lives Matter protesters ‘maggots’”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 2, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “What Black Lives Matter can teach Catholics about racial justice”. America.  February 1, 2019.

Segura, Olga.  “Catholic discourse on Black Lives Matter must amplify women founders”, National Catholic Reporter, August 11, 2020.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  “There is time for the church to support black Catholics—if it has the will to do so”  America, September 18, 2019.

Catholic Slaveholding

Billings, Cora Marie.  “Saved by Grace: Striving for a more racially just and equal church”, America, June 24, 2014. 

Curran, Robert Emmett.  2019.  “‘To tear down…the Corinthian pillars of Constitutional liberty’:  Catholics and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  109-136.

Heisser, David C.R. and Stephen J. White, Sr.  2015.  Patrick N. Lynch, 1817-1882:  Third Catholic Bishop of Charleston.  Columbia, SC:  University of South Carolina Press.

Mich, Marvin L. Krier.  1998.  Catholic Social Teaching and Movements.  Mystic, CT:  Twenty-Third Publications.

  • Chapter 5 –  “Ecclesial and Racial Revolutions:  Gaudium et Spes and Racism”

Murphy, SJ., Thomas J.  2001.  Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland, 1717-1838.  New York:  Routledge.

Nalezyty, Susan. 2019.  “The History of Enslaved People at Georgetown Visitation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  23-48. 

Poole, CM, Stafford and Douglas J. Slawson, CM.  1986.  Church and Slave in Perry County Missouri, 1818-1865.  Lewiston, NY:  The Edwin Mellen Press. 

Schmidt, Kelly.  2019.  “Enslaved Faith Communities in the Jesuits’ Missouri Mission,” U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  49-81.

Ulshafer, P.S.S., Thomas.  “Slavery and the Early Sulpician Community in Maryland”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  1–21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Religious orders owning slaves isn’t new—black Catholics have emphasized this history for years”.  America.  August 6, 2019. 

Georgetown University – Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation

Jesuits Conference of Canada and the United States –  Slavery, History, Memory and Reconciliation Twitter:  @SHMRJesuits

Confronting Racism in the Church

Bellow, Kathleen Dorsey.  “Black Catholic Women: Voice Embodied”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 8, 2020.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Clarke, Kevin.  “After weeks of protest and calls to defund the police, where do we go from here?”, America, June 12, 2020. 

  • Dr. Tia Noelle Pratt and Dr. Shannen Dee Williams are quoted.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics: Words not enough as church decries racism.”  Associated Press, June 22, 2020. 

Feuerherd, Peter.  “Oakland priest calls bishop a ‘liar’ and a ‘racist’”, National Catholic Reporter, June 19, 2020.

Fields, Gary, Juliet Linderman, and Wong Maye-E.  “Church Offers Little Outreach to Minority Victims of Priests”.  Associated Press, January 4, 2020.

Gehring, John.  “Necessary Bluntness:  Archbishop Gregory’s Stand for Integrity”, Commonweal Magazine, June 9, 2020. 

Harris, Kim R.  “Black lives matter in the worshipping church”, National Catholic Reporter, July 10, 2020.

Lewis-Mosley, Valerie D.  “My unbridled tongue challenges inequities that threaten Black women’s lives”, National Catholic Reporter, July 9, 2020.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  “Black Catholics, Racism, and the Sex Abuse Crisis: A Personal Reflection”.  The Revealer, March 2020.

Roewe, Brian, “Catholic university leaders call for their institutions to address systemic racism”, National Catholic Reporter, June 25, 2020.

Sadowski, Dennis.  “Hard work, prayer can lead church to overcome racism, Bishop Fabre says”, Catholic News Service via Crux:  Taking the Catholic Pulse, July 26, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “How can Catholics help lead the fight against racism?”  America.  May 29, 2020.

Slattery, John P.  “The Church is Not Yet Dead:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.”, (DT) Daily Theology, May 5, 2015.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Segregated Sisterhoods and the Mercurial Politics of Racial Truth-Telling”, The Feminist Wire, October 24, 2013. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Does the Catholic Church have the strength?”.  Catholic News Service via Catholic Standard., January 2, 2020

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “What a forgotten black nun can teach us about racism and Covid-19”, America, April 23, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “If racial justice and peace will ever be attained, it must begin in the church”, Catholic News Service via The Dialog, June 10, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The church must make reparation for its role in slavery, segregation” , National Catholic Reporter, June 15, 2020.   

Racism in Our Streets and Structures: A Test of Faith, A Crisis for Our Nation – Georgetown University, Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life

  • Featuring: Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, DC, Dr. Marcia Chatelain of Georgetown University, Ralph McCloud of Catholic Campaign for Human Development, Gloria Purvis of EWTN

 

 

Please feel free to contact TNPratt & Associates, LLC for information about consulting services related to the content found on this syllabus.

 

 

 

Last Updated: June 27, 2020, 4:48pm EDT

Copeland, M. Shawn, ed. With LaReine-Marie Mosely and Albert Raboteau. 2009. Uncommon Faithfulness: The Black Catholic Experience. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

  • Contributors: M. Shawn Copeland, Albert J. Raboteau, Diane Batts Morrow, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Cecilia A. Moore, Katrina M. Sanders, La-Reine Marie Mosely, S.N.D., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., Diana L. Hayes, Bryan N. Massingale, Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory, Kevin P. Johnson, Paulinus I. Odozor, C.S.Sp., Clarence Williams, C.P.P.S.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2017.  “White Supremacy and Anti-Black Logics in the Making of U. S. Catholicism,” 61-74, in Anti-Blackness and Christian Ethics. Eds. Vincent W. Lloyd and Andrew Prevot. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2018.  Knowing Christ Crucified: The Witness of African American Religious Experience.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2020 (Forthcoming).  Enfleshing Freedom:  Body, Race, and Being, 2nd ed.  Minneapolis, MN:  Fortress Press.

Davis, Cyprian.  1990.  The History of Black Catholics in the United States.  New York:  Crossroad Publishers.

Davis, OSB, Cyprian and Jamie Phelps, OP, editors.  2003.  “Stamped with the Image of God”:  African Americans as God’s Image in Black.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Davis, Darren W. and Donald B. Pope-Davis.  2017.  Perseverance in the Parish?: Religious Attitudes from a Black Catholic Perspective.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.

DiAngelo, Robin.  2018.  White Fragility:  Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism.  Boston:  Beacon Press.

DuBois, W.E.B.  [1903] 1994.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York:  Dover Publications, Inc.

Feagin, Joe R.  2004.  “Toward an Integrated Theory of Systemic Racism”.  Pp. 203-223 in The Changing Terrain of Race and Ethnicity edited by Maria Krysan and Amanda E. Lewis.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation.

Feagin, Joe R.  2006.  Systemic Racism:  A Theory of Oppression.  New York:  Routledge.

Galawdewos.  2019.  The Life of Walatta-Petros: A Seventeenth-Century Biography of an African Woman, Concise Edition.  Edited and Translated by Wendy Laura Belcher and Michael Kleiner.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Hayes, Diana L. and Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., eds.  1998.  Taking Down Our Harps:  Black Catholics in the United States.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  Diana L. Hayes, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., M. Shawn Copeland, Bryan N. Massingale, Toinette M. Eugene, Giles Conwill, Clarence Rufus J. Rivers, D. Reginald Whitt, O.P.

Hayes, Diana L.  2016.  No Crystal Stair:  Womanist Spirituality.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Heisser, David C.R. and Stephen J. White, Sr.  2015.  Patrick N. Lynch, 1817-1882:  Third Catholic Bishop of Charleston.  Columbia, SC:  University of South Carolina Press.

Hemesath, O.S.F., Caroline.  1973.  From Slave to Priest:  The Inspirational Story of Father Augustine Tolton (1854-1897).  San Francisco:  Ignatius Press.

Kendi, Ibram X.  2019.  How to be An Anti-Racist.  New York:  Random House.

Massingale, Bryan N.  2010.  Racial Justice in the Catholic Church.  New York:  Orbis Books.

Mich, Marvin L. Krier.  1998.  Catholic Social Teaching and Movements.  Mystic, CT:  Twenty-Third Publications.

  • Chapter 5 –  “Ecclesial and Racial Revolutions:  Gaudium et Spes and Racism”

Moore, Cecilia A., C. Vanessa White, and Paul M. Marshall, S.M., eds.  2007.  Songs of Our Hearts, Meditations of Our Souls: Prayers for Black Catholics.  Cincinnati, OH:  Franciscan Media.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2002.  Persons of Color and Religious at the Same Time:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence, 1828-1860.  Chapel Hill, NC:  University of North Carolina Press.

Murphy, SJ., Thomas J.  2001.  Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland, 1717-1838.  New York:  Routledge.

Nutt, Maurice J.  2019.  Thea Bowman:  Faithful and Free.  Collegeville, MN:  Liturgical Press.

Ochs, Stephen J.  1990.  Desegregating the Altar:  The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests 1871–1960.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana University Press.

Oluo, Ijeoma.  2019.  So You Want To Talk About Race.  New York: Seal Press.

Poole, CM, Stafford and Douglas J. Slawson, CM.  1986.  Church and Slave in Perry County Missouri, 1818-1865.  Lewiston, NY:  The Edwin Mellen Press. 

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2018.  “Black Catholic Young Adults:  A Broader Context”.  PP. 230-236 in Young Adult American Catholics:  Explaining Vocation in Their Own Words, Maureen K. Day, ed.  Mahwah, NY:  Paulist Press.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2019.  “Black Catholics’ Identity Work”, in PP 132-152 in American Parishes:  Remaking Local Catholicism, eds. Gary Adler, Tricia C. Bruce, and Brian Starks.  New York, NY:  Fordham University Press.

Articles from Academic Journals

Anderson, Elijah.  2015.   “The White Space”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(1), 10-21

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2016.  “Anti-Blackness and White Supremacy in the Making of American Catholicism,” American Catholic Studies 127, 3 (Fall 2016): 6-8.

Crenshaw, Kimberlé.  1991.  “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”.  Stanford Law Review 43 (6):  1241-1299.

Curran, Robert Emmett.  2019.  “‘To tear down…the Corinthian pillars of Constitutional liberty’:  Catholics and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  109-136.

Emerson, Michael O., Elizabeth Korver-Glenn, and Kiara W. Douds.  2015.  “Studying Race and Religion:  A Critical Assessment”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(3), 349-359.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2016.  “‘Undoubtedly A Bad State of Affairs’:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence and the Josephite Fathers”, 1877–1903.  The Journal of African American History.  101 (3):  261-287.

Nalezyty, Susan. 2019.  “The History of Enslaved People at Georgetown Visitation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  23-48. 

Schmidt, Kelly.  2019.  “Enslaved Faith Communities in the Jesuits’ Missouri Mission,” U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  49-81.

Ulshafer, P.S.S., Thomas.  “Slavery and the Early Sulpician Community in Maryland”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  1–21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Subversive Images and Forgotten Truths: A Selected Visual History of Black Women Religious” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016):  14-21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The Color of Christ’s Brides” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016): 93-103.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “‘You Could Do the Irish Jig, But Anything African Was Taboo:’ Black Nuns, Contested Memories, and the 20th-Century Struggle to Desegregate U.S. Religious Life” in the Journal of African American History, 102, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 125-56.

Public Scholarship

Bellow, Kathleen Dorsey.  “Black Catholic Women: Voice Embodied”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 8, 2020.

Billings, Cora Marie.  “Saved by Grace: Striving for a more racially just and equal church”, America, June 24, 2014. 

Clarke, Kevin.  “After weeks of protest and calls to defund the police, where do we go from here?”, America, June 12, 2020. 

  • Dr. Tia Noelle Pratt and Dr. Shannen Dee Williams are quoted.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  “Black theology and a legacy of oppression”. America.  June 24, 2014.

Gehring, John.  “Necessary Bluntness:  Archbishop Gregory’s Stand for Integrity”, Commonweal Magazine, June 9, 2020. 

Harris, Kim R.  “Black lives matter in the worshipping church”, National Catholic Reporter, July 10, 2020.

Lewis-Mosley, Valerie D.  “My unbridled tongue challenges inequities that threaten Black women’s lives”, National Catholic Reporter, July 9, 2020.

Massingale, Bryan N.  “The assumptions of white privilege and what we can do about it”  National Catholic Reporter.  June 1, 2020.

Saint-Jean, S.J., Patrick, “How Catholics can work for racial justice”, U.S. Catholic, June 9, 2020.

Saint-Jean, Patrick.  “Black people are crying out for their breath.  When will they be heard?”.  America.  June 1, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “What Black Lives Matter can teach Catholics about racial justice” America.  February 1, 2019.

Segura, Olga.  “How can Catholics help lead the fight against racism?”  America.  May 29, 2020.

Slattery, John P.  “The Church is Not Yet Dead:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.”, (DT) Daily Theology, May 5, 2015.

Swift, Jaimee A.  “Radicals Habits:  Unearthing the History of Black Catholic Nuns in the Black Freedom Struggle”, an interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.  Black Women Radicals, June 2020.

White, C. Vanessa.  “Augustus Tolton: Pioneer pastor”.  U.S. Catholic.  February 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Segregated Sisterhoods and the Mercurial Politics of Racial Truth-Telling”, The Feminist Wire, October 24, 2013. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Dear U.S. Catholic Theologians: Lives of Black Women & Girls Always Matter”.  The Font:  Where Many Catholics Dip, December 12, 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Sister Antona Ebo’s lifelong struggle against white supremacy, inside and outside the Catholic Church”  America.  November 22, 2017.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Does the Catholic Church have the strength?”.  Catholic News Service via Catholic Standard., January 2, 2020

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Black history is Catholic history”.  Catholic News Service via The Catholic Review, Archdiocese of Baltimore, February 6, 2020. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The black Catholic nun every American should know”.  America, March 3, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “What a forgotten black nun can teach us about racism and Covid-19”, America, April 23, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “If racial justice and peace will ever be attained, it must begin in the church”, Catholic News Service via The Dialog, June 10, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The church must make reparation for its role in slavery, segregation” , National Catholic Reporter, June 15, 2020.   

News Items

Buckley, Stephen.  “A Taste of Dixie in Brazil.”  The Washington Post, August 22, 1999.

Christian, Gina.  “Black Catholic spirituality a force in fight against racism, say pastors”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 21, 2020.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics: Words not enough as church decries racism.”  Associated Press, June 22, 2020. 

Dunklin, Reese and Michael Rezendes.  “AP: Catholic Church lobbied for taxpayer funds, got $1.4B.”  Associated Press, July 10, 2020.

Feuerherd, Peter.  “Oakland priest calls bishop a ‘liar’ and a ‘racist’”, National Catholic Reporter, June 19, 2020.

Fields, Gary, Juliet Linderman, and Wong Maye-E.  “Church Offers Little Outreach to Minority Victims of Priests”.  Associated Press, January 4, 2020.

Martin, Eric.  “The Catholic Church Has a Visible White-Power Faction”Sojourners, August 2020. 

McCoy, Terrence.  “They lost the Civil War and fled to Brazil. Their descendants refuse to take down the Confederate flag.”  The Washington Post, July 11, 2020.

Paul, Dwayne David. “U.S. Bishops Must Choose: Black People or the Police”The Bias Magazine:  The Voice of the Christian Left, July 24, 2020.

Roewe, Brian, “Catholic university leaders call for their institutions to address systemic racism”, National Catholic Reporter, June 25, 2020.

Russ, Valerie.  “Black members of St. Charles Borromeo Church in South Philly allege racism and will protest to declare their ‘parish lives matter’”The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 18, 2020.

Sadowski, Dennis.  “Hard work, prayer can lead church to overcome racism, Bishop Fabre says”, Catholic News Service via Crux:  Taking the Catholic Pulse, July 26, 2020.

Salvadore, Sarah.  “Indiana Catholic pastor suspended after calling Black Lives Matter protesters ‘maggots’”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 2, 2020.

Films, Videos, Podcasts

Sr. Patricia Chappell, SND – 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Rev. Bryan Massingale, S.T.D. – Keynote Address, 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Tia Noelle Pratt – Interview with Classical Ideas Podcast, May 15, 2020

St. Peter Claver, Mother Church of Black Catholics: Let Us PrAy! Let Us PrEy!

Trahan, FMI, Nicole.  “Being Black and Catholic:  A Reflection”. 

Racism in Our Streets and Structures: A Test of Faith, A Crisis for Our Nation – Georgetown University, Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life

  • Featuring: Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, DC, Dr. Marcia Chatelain of Georgetown University, Ralph McCloud of Catholic Campaign for Human Development, Gloria Purvis of EWTN

Church Documents

Black Bishops of the United States.  1984.  ‘What We Have Seen and Heard’: A Pastoral Letter on Evangelization from the Black Bishops of the United States.  Cincinnati, OH: St.  Anthony Messenger Press.

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

United Conference of Catholic Bishops.  2018.  Open Wide Our Hearts:  The Enduring Call to Love, A Pastoral Letter Against Racism.  Washington, DC:  United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.  1979.  Brothers and Sisters to Us: U.S. Bishops’ Pastoral Letter on Racism in Our Day.  Washington, D.C.: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Organizations, Websites, and Social Media

National Black Catholic Congress

National Black Sisters Conference

National Black Catholic Clergy Conference

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

Georgetown University – Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation

Xavier University of Louisiana – Institute for Black Catholic Studies

TOPIC

Social Theory and Empirical Social Social Science Research

Anderson, Elijah.  2011.  The Cosmopolitan Canopy:  Race and Civility in Everyday Life.  New York:  WW Norton and Company.

Anderson, Elijah.  2015.   “The White Space”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(1), 10-21.

Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo.  2018.  Racism without Racists:  Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America, 5th ed.  New York:  Rowman & Littlefield.

Collins, Patricia Hill.  2000.  Black Feminist Thought:  Knowledge, Power, Consciousness.  2nd ed.  New York:  Routledge.

Crenshaw, Kimberlé.  1991.  “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color”.  Stanford Law Review 43 (6):  1241-1299.

Davis, Darren W. and Donald B. Pope-Davis.  2017.  Perseverance in the Parish?: Religious Attitudes from a Black Catholic Perspective.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.

DuBois, W.E.B.  [1903] 1994.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York:  Dover Publications, Inc.

Emerson, Michael O., Elizabeth Korver-Glenn, and Kiara W. Douds.  2015.  “Studying Race and Religion:  A Critical Assessment”.  Sociology of Race and Ethnicity:  1(3), 349-359.

Feagin, Joe R.  2004.  “Toward an Integrated Theory of Systemic Racism”.  Pp. 203-223 in The Changing Terrain of Race and Ethnicity edited by Maria Krysan and Amanda E. Lewis.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation.

Feagin, Joe R.  2006.  Systemic Racism:  A Theory of Oppression.  New York:  Routledge.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2018.  “Black Catholic Young Adults:  A Broader Context”.  PP. 230-236 in Young Adult American Catholics:  Explaining Vocation in Their Own Words, Maureen K. Day, ed.  Mahwah, NY:  Paulist Press.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  2019.  “Black Catholics’ Identity Work”, in PP 132-152 in American Parishes:  Remaking Local Catholicism, eds. Gary Adler, Tricia C. Bruce, and Brian Starks.  New York, NY:  Fordham University Press.

Tia Noelle Pratt – Interview with Classical Ideas Podcast, May 15, 2020

Theology and Black Catholic Spirituality

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

Black Bishops of the United States.  1984.  ‘What We Have Seen and Heard’: A Pastoral Letter on Evangelization from the Black Bishops of the United States.  Cincinnati, OH: St.  Anthony Messenger Press.

Christian, Gina.  “Black Catholic spirituality a force in fight against racism, say pastors”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 21, 2020.

Copeland, M. Shawn, ed.  With LaReine-Marie Mosely and Albert Raboteau.   2009.  Uncommon Faithfulness: The Black Catholic Experience.  Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  M. Shawn Copeland, Albert J. Raboteau, Diane Batts Morrow, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Cecilia A. Moore, Katrina M. Sanders, La-Reine Marie Mosely, S.N.D., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., Diana L. Hayes, Bryan N. Massingale, Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory, Kevin P. Johnson, Paulinus I. Odozor, C.S.Sp., Clarence Williams, C.P.P.S.

 

Copeland, M. Shawn.  “Black theology and a legacy of oppression”. America.  June 24, 2014.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2017.  “White Supremacy and Anti-Black Logics in the Making of U. S. Catholicism,” 61-74, in Anti-Blackness and Christian Ethics. Eds. Vincent W. Lloyd and Andrew Prevot. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2018.  Knowing Christ Crucified: The Witness of African American Religious Experience.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2020 (Forthcoming).  Enfleshing Freedom:  Body, Race, and Being, 2nd ed.  Minneapolis, MN:  Fortress Press.

Hayes, Diana L. and Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., eds.  1998.  Taking Down Our Harps:  Black Catholics in the United States.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

  • Contributors:  Diana L. Hayes, Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Jamie T. Phelps, O.P., M. Shawn Copeland, Bryan N. Massingale, Toinette M. Eugene, Giles Conwill, Clarence Rufus J. Rivers, D. Reginald Whitt, O.P.

Hayes, Diana L.  2016.  No Crystal Stair:  Womanist Spirituality.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Moore, Cecilia A., C. Vanessa White, and Paul M. Marshall, S.M., eds.  2007.  Songs of Our Hearts, Meditations of Our Souls: Prayers for Black Catholics.  Cincinnati, OH:  Franciscan Media.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Dear U.S. Catholic Theologians: Lives of Black Women & Girls Always Matter”.  The Font:  Where Many Catholics Dip, December 12, 2014.

United Conference of Catholic Bishops.  2018.  Open Wide Our Hearts:  The Enduring Call to Love, A Pastoral Letter Against Racism.  Washington, DC:  United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.  1979.  Brothers and Sisters to Us: U.S. Bishops’ Pastoral Letter on Racism in Our Day.  Washington, D.C.: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

History

Buckley, Stephen.  “A Taste of Dixie in Brazil.”  The Washington Post, August 22, 1999.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Davis, Cyprian.  1990.  The History of Black Catholics in the United States.  New York:  Crossroad Publishers.

Davis, OSB, Cyprian and Jamie Phelps, OP, editors.  2003.  “Stamped with the Image of God”:  African Americans as God’s Image in Black.  Maryknoll, NY:  Orbis Books.

Galawdewos.  2019.  The Life of Walatta-Petros: A Seventeenth-Century Biography of an African Woman, Concise Edition.  Edited and Translated by Wendy Laura Belcher and Michael Kleiner.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Hemesath, O.S.F., Caroline.  1973.  From Slave to Priest:  The Inspirational Story of Father Augustine Tolton (1854-1897).  San Francisco:  Ignatius Press.

McCoy, Terrence.  “They lost the Civil War and fled to Brazil. Their descendants refuse to take down the Confederate flag.”  The Washington Post, July 11, 2020.

McKinless, Ashley, “The untold history of black nuns in the United States:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams”, America, June 22, 2018. 

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2016.  “‘Undoubtedly A Bad State of Affairs’:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence and the Josephite Fathers”, 1877–1903.  The Journal of African American History.  101 (3):  261-287.

Nutt, Maurice J.  2019.  Thea Bowman:  Faithful and Free.  Collegeville, MN:  Liturgical Press.

Ochs, Stephen J.  1990.  Desegregating the Altar:  The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests 1871–1960.  Baton Rouge, LA:  Louisiana University Press.

Morrow, Diane Batts.  2002.  Persons of Color and Religious at the Same Time:  The Oblate Sisters of Providence, 1828-1860.  Chapel Hill, NC:  University of North Carolina Press.

Swift, Jaimee A.  “Radicals Habits:  Unearthing the History of Black Catholic Nuns in the Black Freedom Struggle”, an interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.  Black Women Radicals, June 2020.

White, C. Vanessa.  “Augustus Tolton: Pioneer pastor”.  U.S. Catholic.  February 2014.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Subversive Images and Forgotten Truths: A Selected Visual History of Black Women Religious” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016):  14-21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The Color of Christ’s Brides” in American Catholic Studies, 127 (Fall 2016): 93-103.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “‘You Could Do the Irish Jig, But Anything African Was Taboo:’ Black Nuns, Contested Memories, and the 20th-Century Struggle to Desegregate U.S. Religious Life” in the Journal of African American History, 102, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 125-56.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Black history is Catholic history”.  Catholic News Service, via The Catholic Review, Archdiocese of Baltimore, February 6, 2020. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The black Catholic nun every American should know”.  America, March 3, 2020.

St. Peter Claver, Mother Church of Black Catholics: Let Us PrAy! Let Us PrEy!

Anti-Racism, White Supremacy, and Racial Justice

Braxton, Most Rev. Edward K.  2015. “The Racial Divide in the United States: A Reflection for the World Day of Peace 2015”.   Diocese of Belleville, IL.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Copeland, M. Shawn.  2016.  “Anti-Blackness and White Supremacy in the Making of American Catholicism,” American Catholic Studies 127, 3 (Fall 2016): 6-8.

DiAngelo, Robin.  2018.  White Fragility:  Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism.  Boston:  Beacon Press.

Kendi, Ibram X.  2019.  How to be An Anti-Racist.  New York:  Random House.

Martin, Eric.  “The Catholic Church Has a Visible White-Power Faction”Sojourners, August 2020. 

Massingale, Bryan N.  2010.  Racial Justice in the Catholic Church.  New York:  Orbis Books.

Massingale, Bryan N.  “The assumptions of white privilege and what we can do about it”. National Catholic Reporter.  June 1, 2020.

Oluo, Ijeoma.  2019.  So You Want To Talk About Race.  New York: Seal Press.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  “Confronting Truths About White Supremacy: Why I’m Writing a Book About Black Catholics and Systemic Racism”  Faithfully, July 2019.

Saint-Jean, S.J., Patrick, “How Catholics can work for racial justice”, U.S. Catholic, June 9, 2020.

Trahan, FMI, Nicole.  “Being Black and Catholic:  A Reflection”. 

Sr. Patty Chappell, SND – 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

Rev. Bryan Massingale, S.T.D. – Keynote Address, 2017 Ignatian Family Teach-In

#BlackLivesMatter

Dunklin, Reese and Michael Rezendes.  “AP: Catholic Church lobbied for taxpayer funds, got $1.4B.”  Associated Press, July 10, 2020.

Paul, Dwayne David. “U.S. Bishops Must Choose: Black People or the Police”The Bias Magazine:  The Voice of the Christian Left, July 24, 2020.

Russ, Valerie.  “Black members of St. Charles Borromeo Church in South Philly allege racism and will protest to declare their ‘parish lives matter’”The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 18, 2020.

Saint-Jean, Patrick.  “Black people are crying out for their breath.  When will they be heard?”.  America.  June 1, 2020.

Salvadore, Sarah.  “Indiana Catholic pastor suspended after calling Black Lives Matter protesters ‘maggots’”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 2, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “What Black Lives Matter can teach Catholics about racial justice”. America.  February 1, 2019.

Catholic Slaveholding

Billings, Cora Marie.  “Saved by Grace: Striving for a more racially just and equal church”, America, June 24, 2014. 

Curran, Robert Emmett.  2019.  “‘To tear down…the Corinthian pillars of Constitutional liberty’:  Catholics and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  109-136.

Heisser, David C.R. and Stephen J. White, Sr.  2015.  Patrick N. Lynch, 1817-1882:  Third Catholic Bishop of Charleston.  Columbia, SC:  University of South Carolina Press.

Mich, Marvin L. Krier.  1998.  Catholic Social Teaching and Movements.  Mystic, CT:  Twenty-Third Publications.

  • Chapter 5 –  “Ecclesial and Racial Revolutions:  Gaudium et Spes and Racism”

Murphy, SJ., Thomas J.  2001.  Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland, 1717-1838.  New York:  Routledge.

Nalezyty, Susan. 2019.  “The History of Enslaved People at Georgetown Visitation”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  23-48. 

Poole, CM, Stafford and Douglas J. Slawson, CM.  1986.  Church and Slave in Perry County Missouri, 1818-1865.  Lewiston, NY:  The Edwin Mellen Press. 

Schmidt, Kelly.  2019.  “Enslaved Faith Communities in the Jesuits’ Missouri Mission,” U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  49-81.

Ulshafer, P.S.S., Thomas.  “Slavery and the Early Sulpician Community in Maryland”.  U.S. Catholic Historian.  37 (2):  1–21.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Religious orders owning slaves isn’t new—black Catholics have emphasized this history for years”.  America.  August 6, 2019. 

Georgetown University – Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation

Jesuits Conference of Canada and the United States –  Slavery, History, Memory and Reconciliation Twitter:  @SHMRJesuits

Confronting Racism in the Church

Bellow, Kathleen Dorsey.  “Black Catholic Women: Voice Embodied”.  National Catholic Reporter, July 8, 2020.

Christian, Gina.  “Work for racial justice starts with study of Black Catholic experience”, CatholicPhilly.com, June 23, 2020.

Clarke, Kevin.  “After weeks of protest and calls to defund the police, where do we go from here?”, America, June 12, 2020. 

  • Dr. Tia Noelle Pratt and Dr. Shannen Dee Williams are quoted.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics’ history: Will US Catholic schools teach it?”, Associated Press, July 25, 2020.

Crary, David.  “Black Catholics: Words not enough as church decries racism.”  Associated Press, June 22, 2020. 

Feuerherd, Peter.  “Oakland priest calls bishop a ‘liar’ and a ‘racist’”, National Catholic Reporter, June 19, 2020.

Fields, Gary, Juliet Linderman, and Wong Maye-E.  “Church Offers Little Outreach to Minority Victims of Priests”.  Associated Press, January 4, 2020.

Gehring, John.  “Necessary Bluntness:  Archbishop Gregory’s Stand for Integrity”, Commonweal Magazine, June 9, 2020. 

Harris, Kim R.  “Black lives matter in the worshipping church”, National Catholic Reporter, July 10, 2020.

Lewis-Mosley, Valerie D.  “My unbridled tongue challenges inequities that threaten Black women’s lives”, National Catholic Reporter, July 9, 2020.

Pratt, Tia Noelle.  “Black Catholics, Racism, and the Sex Abuse Crisis: A Personal Reflection”.  The Revealer, March 2020.

Roewe, Brian, “Catholic university leaders call for their institutions to address systemic racism”, National Catholic Reporter, June 25, 2020.

Sadowski, Dennis.  “Hard work, prayer can lead church to overcome racism, Bishop Fabre says”, Catholic News Service via Crux:  Taking the Catholic Pulse, July 26, 2020.

Segura, Olga.  “How can Catholics help lead the fight against racism?”  America.  May 29, 2020.

Slattery, John P.  “The Church is Not Yet Dead:  An Interview with Dr. Shannen Dee Williams.”, (DT) Daily Theology, May 5, 2015.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Segregated Sisterhoods and the Mercurial Politics of Racial Truth-Telling”, The Feminist Wire, October 24, 2013. 

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “Does the Catholic Church have the strength?”.  Catholic News Service via Catholic Standard., January 2, 2020

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “What a forgotten black nun can teach us about racism and Covid-19”, America, April 23, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “If racial justice and peace will ever be attained, it must begin in the church”, Catholic News Service via The Dialog, June 10, 2020.

Williams, Shannen Dee.  “The church must make reparation for its role in slavery, segregation” , National Catholic Reporter, June 15, 2020.   

Racism in Our Streets and Structures: A Test of Faith, A Crisis for Our Nation – Georgetown University, Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life

  • Featuring: Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, DC, Dr. Marcia Chatelain of Georgetown University, Ralph McCloud of Catholic Campaign for Human Development, Gloria Purvis of EWTN

 

 

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Last Updated: June 27, 2020, 4:48pm EDT

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